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Efficacy and safety of Abacavir/Lamivudine with Raltegravir in treatment-experienced and treatment-naïve patients with HIV-1 infection: an observational, retrospective, multi-centre study

Rizzardo S, Lanzafame M, Lattuada E, Bragantini D, Nicolè S, Calza L, Tacconelli E

Abstract: Raltegravir (RAL) is an HIV-1 integrase strand transfer inhibitor that is well established as a component of highly active antiretroviral therapy regimens for the treatment of adults living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), due to its high virological efficacy and good tolerability profile. To date, limited data are available on the use of RAL with abacavir/lamivudine (ABC/3TC). We investigated retrospectively 62 HIV-1 infected patients managed by three Italian Infectious Diseases Outpatient Departments, including 57 treatment-experienced patients and 5 treatment-naïve patients, treated with ABC/3TC plus RAL. In all five naïve patients (100%), virological suppression was achieved and maintained, while 55 experienced patients (96.5%) maintained viral suppression at the most recent review. In the treatment-experienced patients, we observed a significant decrease in triglyceride levels (p < 0.01), while liver transaminases, renal function and cholesterol levels remained substantially stable. In the 34 treatment-experienced patients who switched from a protease inhibitor (PI)-based regimen, we observed a significant improvement of total cholesterol (p=0.03) and triglyceride (p < 0.01) levels. No significant alterations were found on renal and liver function and serum lipid profile of treatment-naïve patients. Despite the small number of participants, results support the efficacy and safety of ABC/3TC plus RAL, either in treatment-naïve or treatment-experienced patients.

Keywords: Antiretroviral therapy; combination antiretroviral therapy; human immunodeficiency virus; treatment; viral disease.

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